What Are Acne Scars?

what are acne scars

What are acne scars? Scarring occurs from injuries to the skin as a result of injury, infection, or trauma. Scars may be caused by physical damage, illness, surgery, or even emotional problems such as stress. They are usually very tiny and red or brown in color. They often appear on the skin’s surface where they remain until the surrounding skin has been fully healed.

Acne is a type of inflammation that results from excess oil, dead skin cells, or bacteria infecting the top layer of the skin, which is called the epidermis. Acne normally happens when the pores get clogged by excess oil, bacteria, and debris to form deep, inflamed nodules or inflamed pimples. This leads to formation of puss, which is the cosmetic term for us, under the skin. The result is a red or brown bump or lesion. This lesion is the top layer healing, which is what we see as acne scars.

Most doctors prescribe topical treatment with antibiotics and sometimes cortisone. They also recommend microdermabrasion or chemical peels to take away the damaged skin. But these types of treatments are expensive and don’t always work. So dermatologists have developed new ways to treat what are often referred to as acne scars, or modules.

Dermatologists use a variety of different types of lasers and dermabrasion procedures to remove what are known as keloids. Keloids are large, inflamed bumps that look like scaly, hard bumps. They are caused by excessive growth of collagen in the skin, which can be found in both adults and children. The collagen actually becomes too much for the skin to handle, which leads to a breakdown of the tissue and the creation of what are known as keloids. Because of their appearance, they can take a while to go away, making them one of the more stubborn forms of scarring.

One of the more common treatments available to those who have acne scars is called punch excision. In this procedure, a tiny piece of tissue is removed from underneath the pimple, usually around the base. It is then stitched into place over the pimple to close up the wound. While it leaves a tiny hole in the skin, it does not change the appearance of the scar.

Another common way to treat what are often referred to as raised scar tissue is through laser resurfacing. Some of these treatments involve lasers being used to burn off the layers of skin affected by the scar. Others involve using lasers to abrade the surface of the affected area, causing the area beneath the surface to be gradually lightened. These treatments have the potential to be very effective, but many patients are wary of them because of the potential for pain.

If you have been asking what are acne scars, you may have been referred to a dermatologist. A dermatologist is a doctor that specializes in all types of skin disorders, from acne scars to stretch marks. Before starting any type of acne treatment regimen, a dermatologist will assess your condition and decide what best suits you. While there are a number of over-the-counter acne treatment creams and ointments available, your dermatology professional should be able to recommend a prescription for a topical product or an oral medication. Remember to discuss these medicines and their possible side effects with your doctor, because everyone’s body is different and what works for one person may not work for another.

Your dermatology professional may suggest an oral medication in addition to or instead of a topical cream, depending on how severe your case of what are often called inflammatory acne scars is. In some cases, simply clearing up the pimples and allowing the skin to heal itself can make the scarring less noticeable. For more severe cases, oral medications and/or topical ointments may be necessary in order to prevent new pimples from forming or to limit the severity of the existing ones. Whichever procedure your dermatology professional decides to use, it will most likely be a combination of both.